The two 15-item worksheets below ask the student to tell whether the underlined verb in the sentence is a transitive verb (pandiwang palipat) or intransitive verb (pandiwang katawanin).
Transitive verbs have direct objects (tuwirang layon) that receive the action. The action (expressed by the verb) is being done to the object. The meaning of the verb is incomplete without the direct object. The direct object usually comes after the verb.
Si Tatay ay umiinom ng mainit na kape.
In the above sentence, the direct object of the verb umiinom (drinking) is the noun kape (coffee). Note that adjectives can come before the noun. The noun (kape) answers the question “Umiinom ng ano?”
Intransitive verbs do not have direct objects. In Filipino sentences, prepositional phrases or adverbs (pang-abay) are sometimes written after or before the intransitive verb. If the phrase tells when, how, or where the action takes place, then the verb is intransitive (pandiwang katawanin).
Si Tatay ay maingat na umiinom.
In this sentence, the verb umiinom has no direct object. Therefore, the verb is an intransitive verb (pandiwang katawanin). The word maingat tells how the action is done.
Siya ay umiinom tuwing umaga.
Siya ay umiinom sa balkonahe.
In the two sentences above, the verb umiinom has no direct object. Therefore, it is an intransitive verb. The phrase tuwing umaga tells when the action is done, and the phrase sa balkonahe tells where the action is done. The drinking action is not being done to the umaga or balkonahe.
You may print and distribute these worksheets for your students or children, but you may not sell or distribute them for profit. The second page of each file is the answer key.