1. Feel free to download, save, print, photocopy, or distribute the pdf worksheets in this post. Please do not copy or distribute them for profit.
2. I am not a Filipino teacher. The discussion below is the result of my own research in my attempt to understand and explain the topic to my own child. Please verify any information which you think is incorrect. Please leave a comment to notify me of such mistakes. I need your help, too.
Conjunctions are connecting words. They connect words, phrases, or clauses. A conjunction in Filipino is called a pangatnig.
The English language has three main types of conjunctions: (1) coordinating conjunctions, (2) correlative conjunctions, and (3) subordinating conjunctions. They are briefly described below.
Note, however, that Filipino conjunctions are classified differently. Filipino conjunctions are classified according to how they are used in the sentence or to the kinds of phrases or clauses that they relate.
Coordinating conjunctions are words or groups of words that connect elements that are grammatically alike and that are of equal importance or weight. They connect nouns with nouns, verbs with verbs, phrases with phrases, clauses with clauses, etc.
In English, the mnemonic acronym FANBOYS stand for the seven most common coordinating conjunctions: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so. The Filipino translations of these coordinating conjunctions are shown below.
- sapagkat, dahil, dahil sa (for)
- at, at saka (and)
- ni, at hindi, ni hindi (nor)
- pero, datapwa’t, nguni’t, subali’t (but)
- o, o kaya (or)
- gayon pa man, gayumpaman, gayunman (yet/nevertheless/nonetheless)
- kaya, kung kaya’t (so)
Correlative conjunctions are conjunctions that are used in pairs. They are used to connect two grammatically-alike elements of equal importance or weight. Listed below are a few Filipino correlative conjunctions.
- man…o (either…or)
- maging…o (whether…or/neither…or)
- hindi…ni, ni…ni (neither..nor)
- kapwa…at, parehong…at (both…and)
- hindi lamang…kundi (pati) (not only…but (also))
Recall that a clause is a group of words with a subject and a predicate. Subordinating conjunctions are used to connect a dependent clause (or subordinate clause) to an independent clause (or main clause). The subordinating conjunction is placed in front of the dependent clause. A subordinating conjunction turns a clause into an element whose meaning depends on the rest of the sentence. Subordinate clauses may appear at the beginning or in the middle of a sentence.
Below is a list of several Filipino words used as subordinating conjunctions. Some words in this list may be used as prepositions (mga pang-ukol) or adverbs (mga pang-abay). If these words are used to begin a clause, then they are acting as conjunctions.
- bagaman, bagama’t (although)
- bago (before)
- dahil sa, sapagka’t (since)
- kapag/pag (if, as soon as, when, whenever)
- kasi, dahil, dahil sa, dahilan sa, gawa ng, porke, sapagkat/sapagka’t, pagkat (because)
- kaya (so, with the result that)
- kaysa (than)
- kahit, ganoong/gayong (inspite of the fact that, even though)
- kung (if, if ever, whether, unless)
- kung gayon (in that case)
- kung kaya’t (so, therefore)
- hanggang, hanggang sa (until, till)
- habang (during the time that, as long as, as the same time as)
- nang (at the time that, when)
- nang sa gayon (so that)
- maging (whether)
- maliban kung (unless, except when)
- palibhasa (because, due to, for this reason)
- para, upang (in order to, in order that, so that, so as to)
- parang (as if)
- samantala (as, while)
The worksheets below are about Filipino conjunctions. These worksheets do not include all of the Filipino conjunctions listed above. Correlative conjunctions are not included in these worksheets.
1. Pagkilala sa Pangatnig_1 ; Mga sagot sa Pagkilala sa Pangatnig_1 : This 20-item worksheet asks the student to draw a box around the conjunction in each sentence.
2. Pagpili ng Tamang Pangatnig_1 ; Mga sagot sa Pagpili ng Tamang Pangatnig_1 : This 20-item worksheet asks the student to select the appropriate conjunction (from a given set of conjunctions) to complete each sentence.
3. Pagpili ng Tamang Pangatnig_2 ; Mga sagot sa Pagpili ng Tamang Pangatnig_2 : This 20-item worksheet asks the student to select the appropriate conjunction (given a choice of three conjunctions) that completes each sentence.
This Post Has 30 Comments
Samutsamot_mom, thank you so much for sharing your research! Big help for me helping my daughter!
Hi, magandang araw sa inyong lahat gusto ko lang po sana malaman hindi ko po ma download yung mga pdf worksheet bakit po kaya ?
Hindi ko po alam kung bakit hindi ninyo ma-download ang PDF files. Sinubukan ko pong i-download gamit ang aking desktop PC at nadownload ko naman po. Subukan ninyo pong i-download sa isang laptop o desktop, hindi sa tablet o cellphone.
Baka po naka-download na sa Download folder ninyo sa laptop o desktop. Hanapin po ninyo kung saan ang Download folder sa device ninyo.
Salamat po ng marami….=)
Salamat Pia! Lahat ng Filipino worksheets sa site nyo po ako umaasa. Super grateful! May God bless you always.
Is the word “sa” a pangatnig? My child had a quiz earlier on pangatnig and got a lot of wrong answers because he did not enircle “sa” as pangatnig. Sabi daw ni teacher pangatnig ang sa. Hmmm. Your thoughts?
In this example, yung “upang” and “sa” daw ay pangatnig. Yung upang, oo. Pero yung sa, hindi diba?
Ang leon ay nagpunta sa gubat upang maghanap ng pagkain.
Hi, Mommy Ching. You are correct in saying that upang is the pangatnig in the sample sentence you gave. I believe the word sa is used as a preposition (pang-ukol) in this sentence. In some cases when the word sa is used with other words, for example, dahil sa or sa wakas, then it becomes a pangatnig. I hope this helps.
Other examples of pang-ukol (prepositions) with sa are ayon sa, para sa, and ukol sa. It may be a bit confusing because pangatnig, pang-ukol, and pang-angkop all fall under the general category of pang-ugnay, which connect words, phrases, clauses, and sentences.
That’s what I thought, too! Thanks for the reply. Your worksheets are amazing and it helps us a lot during review. Maraming, maraming salamat po!
thank you so much ! God bless
Thank samutsamot! I get a lot of my 3rd grader’s Filipino reviewers from your site. Very helpful! I hope it remains free for life.
Since Filipino is the subject, it would have been a lot better if this were in Filipino language too. Just my thoughts…
Thank you for your suggestion, Lei. However, I made this discussion for parents and students who are good in English but not in Filipino. A discussion in Filipino would have been redundant because students would already have a Filipino textbook. My discussion aims to make the understanding of the lesson easier for people who are more comfortable with the English language, but are struggling with the Filipino language or certain Filipino words. If you like, you are welcome to translate my discussion in Filipino and I would gladly post it here. Thank you for visiting my blog.
Hi Ma’am Thank you po.
thanks for sharing mam.
maraming salamat dito samut samot _ mom mahina talaga ang anak ko sa Filipino ngayon medyo gumagaling na.
You’re welcome po!
GREAT HELP! GOD BLESS!
Thanks for sharing. Great help!
Thanks for sharing, a big help indeed
i feel as great word as I would study very hard! Thank you very much for the most helpful worksheets in Filipino ever in my Filipino language book!!
thanks a lot…big help really.
soooo helpful thank you soooo much!
these are sooooo helpful! you’ve made reviewing for my son’s final exams soooo easy for working moms like me! thank you.
Thanks, Lois! Good luck to your son and I hope you guys have a fun summer!
Thanks so much for sharing this to us. It not only teaches our kid but us parents as well. May God return the blessings.