Pangatnig Worksheets (Part 2)

The three pdf worksheets below are about Filipino conjunctions (mga pangatnig). The topic on pangatnig is introduced in fourth grade. Textbooks differ in the number of conjunctions they introduce.  The conjunctions used in these worksheets include the following: at, o, pero, ngunit, subalit, sapagka’t, kaya, para, upang, habang, kung, and dahil.

You may print and distribute these worksheets to your children or students, but please do not do so for profit.

The two 15-item worksheets below ask the student to draw a box around the pangatnig in each sentence.

1.  Pagkilala sa Pangatnig_2Mga sagot sa Pagkilala sa Pangatnig_2

2.  Pagkilala sa Pangatnig_3Mga sagot sa Pagkilala sa Pangatnig_3

3.  Paggamit ng Angkop na Pangatnig_1;  Mga sagot sa Paggamit ng Angkop na Pangatnig_1 :  This 15-item worksheet asks the student to write the correct pangatnig that will complete each sentence.

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Pangungusap Worksheets (Part 3)

The four pdf worksheets below are about Filipino sentences. Feel free to download, save, print, and photocopy these worksheets for your children or students. Please do not copy any part of the worksheets and/or distribute them for profit. Please leave a comment if you wish to make a correction in the answer keys provided in this post.

A simple sentence in Filipino is called payak na pangungusap. A simple sentence may have a simple subject (payak na simuno) or a compound subject (tambalang simuno). A simple sentence may also have a simple predicate (payak na panaguri) or a compound predicate (tambalang panaguri). The four types of simple sentences in Filipino have the following format:

[a]  payak na simuno + payak na panaguri  (simple subject + simple predicate):  Si Gina ay umaawit.

[b]  payak na simuno + tambalang panaguri  (simple subject + compound predicate):  Si Gina ay umaawit at sumasayaw.

[c]  tambalang simuno + payak na panaguri  (compound subject + simple predicate):  Sina Gina at Grace ay umaawit.

[d]  tambalang simuno + tambalang panaguri  (compound subject + compound predicate):  Sina Gina at Grace ay umaawit at sumasayaw.

In Filipino sentences, the predicate may come before the subject (Biglang huminto ang sasakyan.) or the subject may be placed in between parts of the predicate (Huminto ang sasakyan sa harap ng bahay niya).

The term “compound” refers to two or more subjects (nouns or pronouns) or predicates (usually verbs). A simple subject may also be a plural noun (ang mga puno) or a plural pronoun (kami, sila).

Worksheets 1 and 2 below ask the student to tell whether the subject of the sentence is a simple subject (payak na simuno) or a compound subject (tambalang simuno).  It also asks the student to tell whether the predicate of the sentence is a simple predicate (payak na panaguri) or a compound predicate (tambalang panaguri).

1. Mga Payak na Pangungusap_1 ; Mga sagot sa Mga Payak na Pangungusap_1

2.  Mga Payak na Pangungusap_2 ; Mga sagot sa Mga Payak na Pangungusap_2

A sentence may be classified as a simple sentence (payak), a compound sentence (tambalan), a complex sentence (hugnayan), or a compound-complex sentence (langkapan). Compound-complex sentences are not included in these worksheets.

A simple sentence contains a subject and a verb. It is also an independent clause (sugnay na makapag-iisa). A simple sentence expresses a complete thought.

A compound sentence has two independent clauses that are joined by coordinating conjunctions (mga pangatnig) for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so (FANBOYS). Filipino coordinating conjunctions include the words  at, pati, saka, o, ni, pero, ngunit, subalit, datapwat, kaya, etc.

A complex sentence has an independent clause and one or more dependent clauses. The independent and dependent clauses are joined by subordinating conjunctions (mga pangatnig) such as after, before, since, until, when, whenever, while, although, though, as, if, because, etc. Filipino subordinating conjunctions include the words pagkatapos, bago, nang, habang, dahil, hanggang, kung, kapag, kahit na, upang, etc.

Worksheets 3 and 4 below ask the student to classify each sentence as a simple sentence (payak na pangungusap), a compound sentence (tambalan na pangungusap), or a complex sentence (hugnayan na pangungusap).

3.  Pagtukoy sa Kayarian ng Pangungusap_1 ; Mga sagot sa Pagtukoy sa Kayarian ng Pangungusap_1

4. Pagtukoy sa Kayarian ng Pangungusap_2 ; Mga sagot sa Pagtukoy sa Kayarian ng Pangungusap_2

Pangatnig Worksheets (Part 1)

IMPORTANT NOTES:

1. Feel free to download, save, print, photocopy, or distribute the pdf worksheets in this post.  Please do not copy or distribute them for profit.

2. I am not a Filipino teacher. The discussion below is the result of my own research in my attempt to understand and explain the topic to my own child. Please verify any information which you think is incorrect. Please leave a comment to notify me of such mistakes. I need your help, too.

Conjunctions are connecting words.  They connect words, phrases, or clauses.  A conjunction in Filipino is called a pangatnig.

The English language has three main types of conjunctions: (1) coordinating conjunctions, (2) correlative conjunctions, and (3) subordinating conjunctions.  They are briefly described below.

Note, however, that Filipino conjunctions are classified differently. Filipino conjunctions are classified according to how they are used in the sentence or to the kinds of phrases or clauses that they relate.

Coordinating conjunctions are words or groups of words that connect elements that are grammatically alike and that are of equal importance or weight. They connect nouns with nouns, verbs with verbs, phrases with phrases, clauses with clauses, etc.

In English, the mnemonic acronym FANBOYS stand for the seven most common coordinating conjunctions: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so. The Filipino translations of these coordinating conjunctions are shown below.

  1. sapagkat, dahil, dahil sa (for)
  2. at, at saka (and)
  3. ni, at hindi, ni hindi (nor)
  4. pero, datapwa’t, nguni’t, subali’t (but)
  5. o, o kaya (or)
  6. gayon pa man, gayumpaman, gayunman  (yet/nevertheless/nonetheless)
  7. kaya, kung kaya’t (so)

Correlative conjunctions are conjunctions that are used in pairs. They are used to connect two grammatically-alike elements of equal importance or weight.  Listed below are a few Filipino correlative conjunctions.

  1. man…o (either…or)
  2. maging…o (whether…or/neither…or)
  3. hindi…ni, ni…ni (neither..nor)
  4. kapwa…at, parehong…at (both…and)
  5. hindi lamang…kundi (pati) (not only…but (also))

Recall that a clause is a group of words with a subject and a predicate. Subordinating conjunctions are used to connect a dependent clause (or subordinate clause) to an independent clause (or main clause). The subordinating conjunction is placed in front of the dependent clause. A subordinating conjunction turns a clause into an element whose meaning depends on the rest of the sentence. Subordinate clauses may appear at the beginning or in the middle of a sentence.

Below is a list of several Filipino words used as subordinating conjunctions. Some words in this list may be used as prepositions (mga pang-ukol) or adverbs (mga pang-abay).  If these words are used to begin a clause, then they are acting as conjunctions.

  1. bagaman, bagama’t (although)
  2. bago (before)
  3. dahil sa, sapagka’t (since)
  4. kapag/pag (if, as soon as, when, whenever)
  5. kasi, dahil, dahil sa, dahilan sa, gawa ng, porke, sapagkat/sapagka’t, pagkat (because)
  6. kaya (so, with the result that)
  7. kaysa (than)
  8. kahit, ganoong/gayong (inspite of the fact that, even though)
  9. kung (if, if ever, whether, unless)
  10. kung gayon (in that case)
  11. kung kaya’t (so, therefore)
  12. hanggang, hanggang sa (until, till)
  13. habang (during the time that, as long as, as the same time as)
  14. nang (at the time that, when)
  15. nang sa gayon (so that)
  16. maging (whether)
  17. maliban kung  (unless, except when)
  18. palibhasa (because, due to, for this reason)
  19. para, upang (in order to, in order that, so that, so as to)
  20. parang (as if)
  21. samantala (as, while)

The worksheets below are about Filipino conjunctions. These worksheets do not include all of the Filipino conjunctions listed above. Correlative conjunctions are not included in these worksheets.

1.  Pagkilala sa Pangatnig_1 ; Mga sagot sa Pagkilala sa Pangatnig_1 : This 20-item worksheet asks the student to draw a box around the conjunction in each sentence.

2. Pagpili ng Tamang Pangatnig_1 ; Mga sagot sa Pagpili ng Tamang Pangatnig_1 : This 20-item worksheet asks the student to select the appropriate conjunction (from a given set of conjunctions) to complete each sentence.

3. Pagpili ng Tamang Pangatnig_2 ; Mga sagot sa Pagpili ng Tamang Pangatnig_2 : This 20-item worksheet asks the student to select the appropriate conjunction (given a choice of three conjunctions) that completes each sentence.