Pangungusap Worksheets (Part 3)

The four pdf worksheets below are about Filipino sentences. Feel free to download, save, print, and photocopy these worksheets for your children or students. Please do not copy any part of the worksheets and/or distribute them for profit. Please leave a comment if you wish to make a correction in the answer keys provided in this post.

A simple sentence in Filipino is called payak na pangungusap. A simple sentence may have a simple subject (payak na simuno) or a compound subject (tambalang simuno). A simple sentence may also have a simple predicate (payak na panaguri) or a compound predicate (tambalang panaguri). The four types of simple sentences in Filipino have the following format:

[a]  payak na simuno + payak na panaguri  (simple subject + simple predicate):  Si Gina ay umaawit.

[b]  payak na simuno + tambalang panaguri  (simple subject + compound predicate):  Si Gina ay umaawit at sumasayaw.

[c]  tambalang simuno + payak na panaguri  (compound subject + simple predicate):  Sina Gina at Grace ay umaawit.

[d]  tambalang simuno + tambalang panaguri  (compound subject + compound predicate):  Sina Gina at Grace ay umaawit at sumasayaw.

In Filipino sentences, the predicate may come before the subject (Biglang huminto ang sasakyan.) or the subject may be placed in between parts of the predicate (Huminto ang sasakyan sa harap ng bahay niya).

The term “compound” refers to two or more subjects (nouns or pronouns) or predicates (usually verbs). A simple subject may also be a plural noun (ang mga puno) or a plural pronoun (kami, sila).

Worksheets 1 and 2 below ask the student to tell whether the subject of the sentence is a simple subject (payak na simuno) or a compound subject (tambalang simuno).  It also asks the student to tell whether the predicate of the sentence is a simple predicate (payak na panaguri) or a compound predicate (tambalang panaguri).

1. Mga Payak na Pangungusap_1 ; Mga sagot sa Mga Payak na Pangungusap_1

2.  Mga Payak na Pangungusap_2 ; Mga sagot sa Mga Payak na Pangungusap_2

A sentence may be classified as a simple sentence (payak), a compound sentence (tambalan), a complex sentence (hugnayan), or a compound-complex sentence (langkapan). Compound-complex sentences are not included in these worksheets.

A simple sentence contains a subject and a verb. It is also an independent clause (sugnay na makapag-iisa). A simple sentence expresses a complete thought.

A compound sentence has two independent clauses that are joined by coordinating conjunctions (mga pangatnig) for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so (FANBOYS). Filipino coordinating conjunctions include the words  at, pati, saka, o, ni, pero, ngunit, subalit, datapwat, kaya, etc.

A complex sentence has an independent clause and one or more dependent clauses. The independent and dependent clauses are joined by subordinating conjunctions (mga pangatnig) such as after, before, since, until, when, whenever, while, although, though, as, if, because, etc. Filipino subordinating conjunctions include the words pagkatapos, bago, nang, habang, dahil, hanggang, kung, kapag, kahit na, upang, etc.

Worksheets 3 and 4 below ask the student to classify each sentence as a simple sentence (payak na pangungusap), a compound sentence (tambalan na pangungusap), or a complex sentence (hugnayan na pangungusap).

3.  Pagtukoy sa Kayarian ng Pangungusap_1 ; Mga sagot sa Pagtukoy sa Kayarian ng Pangungusap_1

4. Pagtukoy sa Kayarian ng Pangungusap_2 ; Mga sagot sa Pagtukoy sa Kayarian ng Pangungusap_2

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