Kayarian ng Pangungusap Worksheets

Below are two PDF files with worksheets that ask the student to classify sentences according to structure. There are four main types of sentences according to structure: simple sentence (payak na pangungusap), compound sentence (tambalan na pangungusap), complex sentence (hugnayan na pangungusap), and compound-complex sentences (langkapan na pangungusap).

The two worksheets in the first PDF file below ask the students to determine whether a sentence is simple or compound. The first two pages of the file are the worksheets and the last two pages are the answer keys.

Kayarian ng Pangungusap_1

The two worksheets in the second PDF below file ask the students to determine whether a sentence is simple, compound, or complex. Compound-complex sentences are not included in the worksheets. I reworked these two worksheets from an older post. The first two pages of the file are the worksheets and the last two pages are the answer keys.

Kayarian ng Pangungusap_2

The worksheets are for personal and multi-classroom use only. You may print and distribute these to your children or students, but you may not do so for profit or use these for any commercial purpose. You also may not upload this PDF file or any part of it in any other website such as Scribd or SlideShare, or cloud storage sites such as Google Drive or Dropbox.

 

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Pangungusap Worksheets (Part 3)

The four pdf worksheets below are about Filipino sentences. Feel free to download, save, print, and photocopy these worksheets for your children or students. Please do not copy any part of the worksheets and/or distribute them for profit. Please leave a comment if you wish to make a correction in the answer keys provided in this post.

A simple sentence in Filipino is called payak na pangungusap. A simple sentence may have a simple subject (payak na simuno) or a compound subject (tambalang simuno). A simple sentence may also have a simple predicate (payak na panaguri) or a compound predicate (tambalang panaguri). The four types of simple sentences in Filipino have the following format:

[a]  payak na simuno + payak na panaguri  (simple subject + simple predicate):  Si Gina ay umaawit.

[b]  payak na simuno + tambalang panaguri  (simple subject + compound predicate):  Si Gina ay umaawit at sumasayaw.

[c]  tambalang simuno + payak na panaguri  (compound subject + simple predicate):  Sina Gina at Grace ay umaawit.

[d]  tambalang simuno + tambalang panaguri  (compound subject + compound predicate):  Sina Gina at Grace ay umaawit at sumasayaw.

In Filipino sentences, the predicate may come before the subject (Biglang huminto ang sasakyan.) or the subject may be placed in between parts of the predicate (Huminto ang sasakyan sa harap ng bahay niya).

The term “compound” refers to two or more subjects (nouns or pronouns) or predicates (usually verbs). A simple subject may also be a plural noun (ang mga puno) or a plural pronoun (kami, sila).

Worksheets 1 and 2 below ask the student to tell whether the subject of the sentence is a simple subject (payak na simuno) or a compound subject (tambalang simuno).  It also asks the student to tell whether the predicate of the sentence is a simple predicate (payak na panaguri) or a compound predicate (tambalang panaguri).

1. Mga Payak na Pangungusap_1 ; Mga sagot sa Mga Payak na Pangungusap_1

2.  Mga Payak na Pangungusap_2 ; Mga sagot sa Mga Payak na Pangungusap_2

A sentence may be classified as a simple sentence (payak), a compound sentence (tambalan), a complex sentence (hugnayan), or a compound-complex sentence (langkapan). Compound-complex sentences are not included in these worksheets.

A simple sentence contains a subject and a verb. It is also an independent clause (sugnay na makapag-iisa). A simple sentence expresses a complete thought.

A compound sentence has two independent clauses that are joined by coordinating conjunctions (mga pangatnig) for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so (FANBOYS). Filipino coordinating conjunctions include the words  at, pati, saka, o, ni, pero, ngunit, subalit, datapwat, kaya, etc.

A complex sentence has an independent clause and one or more dependent clauses. The independent and dependent clauses are joined by subordinating conjunctions (mga pangatnig) such as after, before, since, until, when, whenever, while, although, though, as, if, because, etc. Filipino subordinating conjunctions include the words pagkatapos, bago, nang, habang, dahil, hanggang, kung, kapag, kahit na, upang, etc.

Worksheets 3 and 4 below ask the student to classify each sentence as a simple sentence (payak na pangungusap), a compound sentence (tambalan na pangungusap), or a complex sentence (hugnayan na pangungusap).

3.  Pagtukoy sa Kayarian ng Pangungusap_1 ; Mga sagot sa Pagtukoy sa Kayarian ng Pangungusap_1

4. Pagtukoy sa Kayarian ng Pangungusap_2 ; Mga sagot sa Pagtukoy sa Kayarian ng Pangungusap_2