I was not good at Filipino. As a student, when I had to write a Filipino essay, I would first write it in English, and then translate it in Filipino. The English-Filipino dictionary was an invaluable tool for me. In college, my friend would often correct my Filipino (“Itago, hindi taguin.”)
When my daughter was very young and was only beginning to speak in Filipino, she would use English affixes with Filipino words. When asked what she was doing to an object, she replied “Mom, I’m only ganyaning it.” (She added the sufifix –ing to the Filipino word ganyan.)
Below is the third installment to the lesson on Pagbubuo ng mga Salita. The first one was on Mga Salitang Inuulit. The second was about Tambalang Salita or Filipino compound words. This 15-page pdf file provides many examples of Filipino words that have affixes (unlapi, gitlapi, hulapi, kabilaan, laguhan). There are many Filipino affixes. This lesson does not give them all but it provides the most common affixes used.
Feel free to print it but please do not use it for profit.
This Post Has 6 Comments
Thank you very much for this… my son right now is really having trouble with his Filipino lessons.
You’re welcome! Glad I could help!
Thanks for this, it really helps me. Even my filipino subject teacher is really having a hard time to construct words in “laguhan”…
ano ba tlaga ang panlapi
Ang panlapi (affix in English) ay titik o mga titik na ikinakabit sa unahan, gitna, o hulihan ng isang salitang-ugat upang bumuo ng salita na may bagong kahulugan. Ang isang salitang-ugat ay maaaring kabitan ng dalawa o tatlong panlapi. Ang panlapi na ikinakabit sa unahan ng salitang-ugat ay tinatawag na unlapi (halimbawa, ang ma- sa maganda ay unlapi). Ang panlapi na ikinakabit sa gitna ng salitang-ugat ay tinatawag na gitlapi (halimbawa, ang -um- sa gumanda ay gitlapi). Ang panlapi na ikinakabit sa hulihan ng salitang-ugat ay tinatawag na hulapi (halimbawa, ang -han sa gandahan ay hulapi).
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