Mga Aspekto ng mga Pandiwang IN

My previous posts were about actor-focus and experiencer-focus Filipino verbs. This post will be the first to deal with object-focus verbs, particularly those verbs with the suffix -in or -hin (IN verbs). This post has several tables that are best viewed using a laptop or desktop. It is possible that you may not be able to view the tables using a mobile phone. If the subject of the sentence is the object (or person) that is the receiver of the action expressed in the verb, then the verb is an object-focus verb. In other words, the action is being done TO the subject and the subject is called the direct object. Therefore, only Filipino transitive verbs (mga pandiwang palipat) are object-focus verbs. The most common object-focus Filipino verbs take the suffixes -in or -hin and -an or -han. Others have the prefix i- and ma-. This post tackles the conjugation…

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Mga Aspekto ng mga Pandiwang UM na may Pokus sa Aktor

In the previous post, we learned the verbal aspects of Filipino actor-focus MAG verbs. Now we look into the verbal aspects of the actor-focus verbs that have the prefix um- or the infix -um-. The verbal aspects of the actor-focus UM verbs are formed as described below. Let's use the root word akyat (to climb or ascend) and bili (to buy). 1. Infinitive aspect (pawatas): If the root word begins with a vowel (A, E, I, O, or U), add the prefix um- to the root word. Example: um + akyat = umakyat Umakyat ka sa hagdan at pumasok ka sa unang kuwarto sa kanan. = Climb the stairs and enter the first room on the right. If the root word begins with a consonant, write the infix -um- in between the first consonant and first vowel. Example: bili + -um- = b-um-ili = bumili Bumili ka ng isang boteng…

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List of Filipino Verbs (Pandiwa)

Below is the link to a 16-page pdf file that alphabetically lists around 400 Filipino verbs (mga pandiwa) in different grammatical tenses. It is best to download and save the file first, and open it with the Adobe Acrobat Reader if you want to print a portion of the file or the entire file.

Mga Pandiwa sa Ibat Ibang Panahunan


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Pagbabanghay ng Pandiwa Worksheets

The worksheets posted here help practice the student's skills in identifying the grammatical tense of Filipino verbs (panauhan o aspekto ng pandiwa), classifying verbs according to their grammatical tenses, and conjugating Filipino verbs (pagbabanghay ng pandiwa). Students in the early grades are introduced to the three grammatical tenses of Filipino verbs: panahunang pangnagdaan/aspektong naganap/aspektong perpektibo (past tense) panahunang pangkasalukuyan/aspektong nagaganap/aspektong imperpektibo (present tense) panahunang panghinaharanap/aspektong gaganapin pa lamang/aspektong kontemplatibo (future tense) In sixth grade, students are introduced to another grammatical tense which is the panahunang katatapos or aspektong katatapos.  Verbs in this grammatical tense imply that the action was just done or completed.  The prefix (unlapi) ka- is added to the root word and the first syllable (or first two letters) of the root word is repeated.  Examples of verbs in this grammatical tense are listed below. kasasalita (just spoke) kagagaling (just came from) kaiinom (just drank) kaaalis (just left)…

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