Pang-abay na Panang-ayon, Pananggi, at Pang-agam

The discussion below is the result of my understanding of Filipino adverbs. Since I am not a Filipino teacher, please feel free to leave a comment below if you find an error in the discussion. Thank you.

Pang-abay na panang-ayon

In Filipino, adverbs that express affirmation or agreement about the action expressed by a verb, about the quality expressed by an adjective, or about another adverb are called pang-abay na panang-ayon. The word ayon or sang-ayon means agreeable. Examples of pang-abay na panang-ayon are listed below.

  • oo, opo, oho (yes)
  • sige (okay, all right)
  • talaga (really, surely, certainly)
  • tunay (really, truly, actually)
  • tiyak (surely, definitely, certainly)
  • walang duda (undoubtedly)
  • sigurado (surely, undoubtedly)
  • siyempre (of course, naturally, certainly)
  • siyanga (of course, indeed)

Here are some examples of sentences in Filipino with pang-abay na panang-ayon. The pang-abay is in boldface and the underlined word (verb, adjective, or adverb) is the word that it modifies.

  1. Siguradong gagantimpalaan ang pinakamagaling na mang-aawit sa paligsahan. (The adverb sigurado modifies the verb gagantimpalaan.)
  2. Walang dudang hinahanap na ng mga pulis ang suspek. (The adverb walang duda modifies the verb hinahanap.)
  3. Oo, kahanga-hanga ang talento nila sa pagsayaw. (The adverb oo modifies the adjective kahanga-hanga.)
  4. Tunay na magaling na manunulat ang kaibigan ko. (The adverb tunay modifies the adjective magaling.)
  5. Talagang mabilis lalago ang negosyo ninyo kung magsusumikap kayo. (The adverb talaga modifies the adverb mabilis. Note that the word mabilis in this sentence acts as an adverb because it modifies the verb lalago.)

Pang-abay na pananggi

In Filipino, adverbs that express denial or refusal of the action expressed by a verb, the quality expressed by an adjective, or another adverb are called pang-abay na pananggi. Some of these adverbs also indicate negation of or opposition to the verb, adjective, or another adverb. The word tanggi is a noun that means refusal to give or denial. Examples of pang-abay na pananggi are listed below. These words are variations of no, not, do not, or does not.

  • hindi, ‘di
  • ayaw
  • wala
  • huwag

Here are some examples of sentences in Filipino with pang-abay na pananggi. The pang-abay is in boldface and the underlined word (verb, adjective, or adverb) is the word that it modifies.

  1. Huwag tularan ang mga taong lumalabag sa batas. (The adverb huwag modifies the verb tularan.)
  2. Hindi mabuti ang mag-aksaya ng tubig. (The adverb hindi modifies the adjective mabuti.)
  3. Ayaw niyang sumagot sa mga text messages ko. (The adverb ayaw modifies the verb sumagot.)

Pang-abay na pang-agam

In Filipino, adverbs that express doubt or uncertainty about the action expressed by a verb, about the quality expressed by an adjective, or about another adverb are called pang-abay na pang-agam. The word agam is a noun which means doubt. Examples of pang-abay na pang-agam are listed below.

  • marahil (perhaps, probably, likely, possibly)
  • baka (maybe, perhaps)
  • tila (it seems, it appears that)
  • siguro (maybe, perhaps)
  • yata (maybe, it seems)

Here are some examples of sentences in Filipino with pang-abay na pang-agam. The pang-abay is in boldface and the underlined word (verb, adjective, or adverb) is the word that it modifies.

  1. Tila lalakas pa ang buhos ng ulan. (The adverb tila modifies the verb lalakas.)
  2. Marahil magandang balita ang hatid ni Jose dahil nakangiti siya. (The adverb marahil modifies the adjective maganda.)
  3. Baka bukas na mag-uumpisa ang intramurals sa paaralan. (The adverb baka modifies the adverb bukas.)
  4. Siguro malakas kumain ang batang iyan! (The adverb siguro modifies the adverb malakas. Note that the word malakas in this sentence acts as an adverb because it modifies the verb kumain.)

Note that the Filipino adverbs described above do not always come directly before the word they modify. Sometimes, other words come between the adverb and the word it modifies.

The pdf worksheets below ask the student to identify the adverb in the sentence, classify it accordingly, and identify the word it modifies. The second page of each file is the answer key.

Panang-ayon Pananggi Pang-agam_1

Panang-ayon Pananggi Pang-agam_2

You may print and distribute these worksheets to your children or students, but you may not do so for profit.

 

 

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Pang-abay Worksheets (Part 5)

The four pdf worksheets below are about Filipino adverbs (mga pang-abay). The three kinds of pang-abay included in these worksheets are pang-abay na ingklitik (enclitic particles), pang-abay na panang-ayon (adverbs of affirmation), and pang-abay na pananggi (adverbs of negation).

There are 16 pang-abay na ingklitik: ba, daw/raw, din/rin, kasi, kaya, lang/lamang, man, muna, na, naman, nga, pa, pala, sana, tuloy, and yata.

Examples of pang-abay na panang-ayon are oo, talaga, totoo, tunay, and sadya. Examples of pang-abay na pananggi are ayaw, di, hindi, hinding-hindi, and huwag.

These three kinds of pang-abay are usually introduced in the fifth grade. These worksheets may be used for fifth or sixth grade students. You may download and print these worksheets for your students or children, but please do not do so for profit.

The two worksheets below ask the student to choose the correct pang-abay na ingklitik that will complete the sentence. The student is asked to choose among three.

1. Pagpili ng Angkop na Pang-abay na Ingklitik_1; Mga sagot sa Pagpili ng Angkop na Pang-abay na Ingklitik_1

2. Pagpili ng Angkop na Pang-abay na Ingklitik_2; Mga sagot sa Pagpili ng Angkop na Pang-abay na Ingklitik_2

3. Pagkilala sa Pang-abay na Panang-ayon at Pananggi_1; Mga Sagot sa Pagkilala sa Pang-abay na Panang-ayon at Pananggi_1: This 15-item worksheet asks the student to underline the pang-abay in the sentence and tell whether it is a pang-abay na panang-ayon or a pang-abay na pananggi.

4. Pagkilala sa Pang-abay na Panang-ayon at Pananggi_2; Mga sagot sa Pagkilala sa Pang-abay na Panang-ayon at Pananggi_2: This 15-item worksheet has two parts. The first part asks the student to identify the pang-abay na panang-ayon in each sentence. The second part asks the student to identify the pang-abay na pananggi in each sentence.