Pokus ng Pandiwa Worksheets

The two pdf worksheets below are about the focus of Filipino verbs (pokus ng pandiwa).  The student is asked to identify the focus of the underlined verb in the sentence.  Each worksheet has fifteen items.

The key to identifying the focus of the verb is to first identify the subject (simuno/paksa) of the sentence and seeing how the subject is related to the verb or how the verb relates to the subject.

There are six categories or types of focus of verbs.  The focus of verbs can change by changing the affix or affixes attached to the verb.  Look at the examples below (in blue).

1.  Pokus sa Tagaganap o Aktor (Actor Focus):  The subject is the one doing the action expressed by the verb.

Si Ate Flor ay nagluto ng adobong manok.

The subject is Ate Flor and she is the one who performed the action expressed by the verb nagluto.  Ate Flor is the one doing the cooking.  The focus of the verb nagluto is actor focus (pokus sa tagaganap o aktor).

2.  Pokus sa Layon o Gol (Goal Focus):  The subject is the receiver of the action expressed by the verb. The subject is the direct object of the verb. The action is being done on the subject.

Ang adobong manok ay niluto ni Ate Flor.

The subject is the adobong manok and the action niluto was done on the adobong manok.  The focus of the verb niluto is goal focus (pokus sa layon o gol).

3.  Pokus sa Ganapan o Lokatib (Locative Focus):  The subject is the place or location where the action expressed by the verb takes place.  The “location” can be as large as a park, auditorium, country, or continent, or as small as a table, container, bucket, or plate.

Ang kawali ay pinaglutuan ni Ate Flor ng adobong manok.

The subject is the kawali and the action pinaglutuan was done in the kawali.  The adobong manok was cooked in the kawali.  The focus of the verb pinaglutuan is locative focus (pokus sa ganapan o lokatib).

4.  Pokus sa Tagatanggap o Benepaktib (Benefactive Focus):  The subject benefits from the action expressed by the verb.

Si Nanay ay ipinagluto ni Ate Flor ng adobong manok.

The subject is Nanay and the action ipinagluto benefits her.  Ipinagluto means “cooked for.”  Ate Flor cooked the adobong manok for Nanay.  The focus of the verb ipinagluto is benefactive focus (pokus sa tagatanggap o benepaktib).

5.  Pokus sa Gamit o Instrumental (Instrumental Focus):  The subject is used as the instrument to do the action expressed by the verb.

Ang sandok ay ipinangkuha ni Ate Flor ng adobong manok sa kawali.

The subject is the sandok (ladle) and the action ipinangkuha means that the subject was used to perform the action of getting the adobong manok.  Ginamit ang sandok para makuha ang adobong manok.  The focus of the verb ipinangkuha is instrumental focus (pokus sa gamit o instrumental).

6.  Pokus sa Sanhi o Kusatib (Causative Focus): The subject is the cause of the action expressed by the verb.

Ang pagluto ni Ate Flor ay ikinasaya ni Nanay.

The subject is pagluto (the act of cooking) and the action ikinasaya means that the subject was the cause of Nanay becoming happy or masaya.  Ikinasaya means “caused to become happy.”  Nanay became happy because Ate Floor cooked (for her).  The focus of the verb ikinasaya is causative focus (pokus sa sanhi o kusatib).

Note that in all the sample sentences above the subject was mentioned first before the predicate (di-karaniwang ayos ng pangungusap).  In Filipino, the predicate usually comes first before the subject (karaniwang ayos ng pangungusap).  So, correctly identifying the subject is important in determining the focus of the verb.

You may print and distribute these worksheets to your children or students, but you may not do so for profit.  These worksheets are appropriate for sixth grade students.  The second page of each file is the answer key.

Pokus ng Pandiwa_1

Pokus ng Pandiwa_2

PAHABOL:  There is another type of verb focus that I did not mention here.  It is the directional focus.  For more information about the focus of verbs, you may go to the website of the Center for Southeast Asian Studies of the Northern Illinois University.  Click the link  http://www.seasite.niu.edu/tagalog/grammar%20activities/Grammar%202/Verbal%20Focus/Verbalfocus-fs.htm.  Click on the square-shaped links on the left pane of that website to view the other pages.



This Post Has 35 Comments

  1. Thank you samutsamot_mom,natulungan ako nang sobra dito baka maperfect ko yung exam ko bukas

  2. please create more questions …….. I LOVE IT!!!!!! do more XD

  3. Do you have any worksheets or activity here?

    1. The pdf worksheets are above, the ones in orange-colored font: Pokus ng Pandiwa_1 and Pokus ng Pandiwa_2. If you click on either of these links, the pdf file will open in another tab.

  4. Thank you for sharing. God bless you for having a big heart.

  5. Perfect my angel! Malaking tulong ito akin para sa grade 10 na hirap pa rin sa pag-unawa tungkol sa pokus ng pandiwa…God bless you dear.

  6. Please more worksheet on pokus ng pandiwa

    1. Hi, Cecil! I’ve been very busy lately and may not be able to make more worksheets soon. Please search the internet for other resources. Thank you for visiting my blog.

  7. Please give more worksheet on pokus ng pandiw.tnx it helps me a lot.

  8. Bakit di ko maintindihan ? Tulong samutsamot_mom

    1. I’m sorry but I don’t tutor online. I don’t stay online often or for very long. Please ask help from your classmate or teacher.

  9. Thank you so much, it is a big help in my Filipino class 😘😘

  10. thank you – samutsamot mom. what is this pokus ng pandiwa -pinaglalanan

    1. Do you mean “pinaglalaanan,” which means to devote, dedicate, or reserve? It depends on the sentence. Determine the subject of the sentence first, then see how the verb “pinaglalaanan” relates to the subject. I hope this helps.

      1. thanks mom

  11. Woah! Thank you so much to you! It really helped me a alot! Wish you were my teacher XD

    1. Hahaha! Thanks, MM! Your comment made my day. Good luck!

  12. ano po ba ang pokus ng pandiwa sa pangungusap na “Ipinanghambalos ang hawak na tungkod sa magnanakaw”?

    1. Hi, Ayka! We can rephrase the sentence to have the subject at the beginning.
      “Ang hawak na tungkod ay ipinanghambalos sa magnanakaw.”
      The subject is the tungkod and the verb is ipinanghambalos. The subject (tungkod) was used to hit or flog (hambalos) the thief (magnanakaw) hard, therefore the focus of the verb ipinanghambalos is pokus sa gamit or instrumental. Ginamit ang tungkod para ihambalos ang magnanakaw.

  13. it really help a lot for my tutor and further references thanks so much!!!!

  14. Thanks! I really didn’t understand what my teacher discussed. good thing I saw this page and it really helped me a lot and made me understand the lesson more. 🙂


  16. Thank you to the SMART and GENEROUS dude who shared his knowledge here. I really could not understand this topic, but when I have read this… It’s like a magic happened to me… Suddenly, I understood EVERYTHING! God bless to the one who did this 🙂

  17. Thank you so much! I hope I get high in my exams. Thank you! Bless you!

      1. Thank you very much and great explanation

  18. Thank you very much. God bless your generous heart!

  19. Thanks so much for this!!!!

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