Pagbabanghay ng Pandiwa Worksheets

The worksheets posted here help practice the student’s skills in identifying the grammatical tense of Filipino verbs (panauhan o aspekto ng pandiwa), classifying verbs according to their grammatical tenses, and conjugating Filipino verbs (pagbabanghay ng pandiwa).

Students in the early grades are introduced to the three grammatical tenses of Filipino verbs:

  1. panahunang pangnagdaan/aspektong naganap/aspektong perpektibo (past tense)
  2. panahunang pangkasalukuyan/aspektong nagaganap/aspektong imperpektibo (present tense)
  3. panahunang panghinaharanap/aspektong gaganapin pa lamang/aspektong kontemplatibo (future tense)

In sixth grade, students are introduced to another grammatical tense which is the panahunang katatapos or aspektong katatapos.  Verbs in this grammatical tense imply that the action was just done or completed.  The prefix (unlapi) ka- is added to the root word and the first syllable (or first two letters) of the root word is repeated.  Examples of verbs in this grammatical tense are listed below.

  • kasasalita (just spoke)
  • kagagaling (just came from)
  • kaiinom (just drank)
  • kaaalis (just left)
  • kasasakay (just rode)

A verb has the aspektong neutral when it is formed by combining the root word with an affix (panlapi).  If the verb is expressed as a command (pautos), then it has the aspektong neutral.  Examples are itago, matulog, kunin, ilagay, magbayad, hugasan, umpisahan, gayahin, etc.

Infinitive verbs (mga pandiwang pawatas) have no reference to a particular grammatical tense, person, or subject.  Filipino infinitive verbs look like verbs having the aspektong neutral. They are not conjugated to communicate a tense and they usually look like verbs that express a command.

English infinitive verbs are usually formed by adding the word “to” before the verb (e.g., to see, to believe, to swim, etc.).

The sentences below show some examples of Filipino infinitive verbs.  Note that the infinitive verb (in bold) does not suggest or communicate a tense (past, present, or future).  Some infinitive verbs may suggest a tense that is kahit kailan or palagi.

  1. Bawal magtapon ng basura sa mga ilog.
  2. Malimit dumaan dito ang trak ng basurero.
  3. Sila ay desididong tapusin ang karera.
  4. Hindi ko sinasadyang saktan ka.
  5. Inutusan ako na ibigay sa iyo ang liham.

 

You may print and distribute the pdf worksheets below to your students or children, but you may not sell or distribute them for profit.  The second page of each pdf file is the answer key.

The two 15-item worksheets below ask the student to identify the grammatical tense of the underlined verb in the sentence or if the verb is a pandiwang pawatas (infinitive verb).

1.  Pagtukoy ng Aspekto ng Pandiwa_3

2.  Pagtukoy ng Aspekto ng Pandiwa_4

3.  Aspekto ng Pandiwa_1 :  Given four verbs, the student is asked to identify the verb with a different grammatical sense.

The two 15-item worksheets below ask the student to conjugate the verb  in order to complete the sentence.

4.  Pagbabanghay ng Pandiwa_1

5.  Pagbabanghay ng Pandiwa_2

 

Panghalip na Panao Worksheets (Part 5)

The two 20-item pdf worksheets below ask the student to identify the grammatical person (panauhan: una, ikalawa, o ikatlo) and grammatical number (kailanan: isahan, dalawahan, o maramihan) of the underlined personal pronoun in each sentence.  The third page of each file is the answer key.

Panauhan at Kailanan ng Panghalip na Panao_2

Panauhan at Kailanan ng Panghalip na Panao_3

The 20-item pdf worksheet below asks the student to tell whether the underlined word in the sentence is a possessive pronoun (panghalip na paari) o a modifier (panuring).  The second page of the file is the answer key.

Panghalip na Paari o Panuring_1

Modifiers that show ownership of something are called possessive adjectives.  The panuring (modifier or possessive adjective) come before or after the noun it modifies.  Possessive adjectives are adjectives, not pronouns.

Ang kanyang sapatos ay bago. (panuring kanya modifies sapatos)

Ang sapatos niya ay bago. (panuring niya modifies sapatos)

Ang sapatos na bago ay kanya. (panghalip na paari)

 Kanya ang sapatos na bago. (panghalip na paari)

 

Below is a list of panghalip na paari (possessive pronouns).

  1. akin (mine)
  2. iyo (yours)
  3. kanya (his/hers)
  4. kanita (mine and yours)
  5. atin (ours)
  6. amin (ours)
  7. inyo (yours)
  8. kanila (theirs)

Below is a list of panuring (modifier/possessive adjective).  The blank signifies where the noun is placed.

  1. aking _____ (my _____ )
  2. iyong _____ (your _____ )
  3. kanyang _____ (his/her _____ )
  4. ating _____ (our _____ )
  5. aming _____ (our _____ )
  6. inyong _____  (your _____ )
  7. kanilang _____ (their _____ )
  8. _____ ko (my _____ )
  9. _____ mo (your _____ )
  10. _____ niya (his/her _____ )
  11. _____ natin (our _____ )
  12. _____ namin (our _____ )
  13. _____ ninyo (your _____ )
  14. _____ nila (their _____ )

These worksheets may be used for fifth or sixth grade students.  You may print and distribute these worksheets to your children or students, but you may not distribute them for profit.

 

Pangngalan Worksheets (Part 4)

There are two main types of nouns, proper nouns (pangngalang pantangi) and common nouns (pangngalang pambalana).  Common nouns may be classified further as concrete nouns (pangngalang tahas o kongkreto), abstract nouns (pangngalang basal o di-kongkreto), or collective nouns (pangngalang palansak o lansakan).

Mga Pangngalang Palansak :  This is a list of Filipino collective nouns.

Uri ng Pangngalan:  This 15-item worksheet asks the student to classify the underlined noun in the sentence as pantangi (proper) or pambalana (common).  If the noun is a common noun, the student is asked to classify it as tahas, basal, or lansakan.  The second page is the answer key.

Uri ng Pangngalang Pambalana_1 :  This 20-item worksheet asks the student to classify common nouns as tahas, basal, or lansakan. The second page is the answer key.

Uri ng Pangngalang Pambalana_1 :  This is another 20-item worksheet that asks the student to classify common nouns as tahas, basal, or lansakan. The second page is the answer key.

You may print and distribute these files to your children, students, or other parents or teachers, but you may not do so for profit.

If you need more information about Filipino concrete nouns and abstract nouns, how to distinguish between the two, and a long list of Filipino abstract nouns, go to my previous post Pangngalang Tahas at Basal.

Alpabetong Filipino Handwriting Worksheets (Part 2)

This is a new version of the Filipino alphabet handwriting worksheets I made in 2012.  This 7-page pdf file aims to help a child practice writing the 28 letters of the Filipino alphabet.  Each page has four letters and each letter is accompanied by a word (and its illustration) that begins with or uses the letter. Thumbnails of the worksheets are shown below.

Continue reading

Gamit ng Pangngalan Worksheets

Nouns (mga pangngalan) have several functions.  Identifying a noun’s grammatical case is referring to the noun’s use or function in relation to the other words in the phrase, clause, or sentence.

The most common cases of nouns are the subjective case (kaukulang palagyo), the objective case (kaukulang palayon), and the possessive case (kaukulang paari). Continue reading

Katinig Worksheets

You may print and use the worksheets in this post for your students and children, but please do not distribute them for profit.  All illustrations are by samutsamot_mom.

Isulat ang Katinig :  This is a set of three worksheets.  Each worksheet asks the student to write the missing consonant (katinig) or consonants to complete the Filipino words for the illustrated animals, fruits, and objects.  The thumbnails are shown below.  Note that NG/ng is considered as one consonant in the Filipino alphabet.

Isulat ang Katinig_p1

Isulat ang Katinig_p2

Isulat ang Katinig_p3

 

 

Hugnayan at Langkapan na Pangungusap Worksheets

A complex sentence in Filipino is called hugnayan na pangungusap or pangungusap na hugnayan.  This type of sentence is made up of an independent clause (sugnay na makapag-iisa/malayang sugnay) and a dependent clause (sugnay na di-makapag-iisa/di-malayang sugnay).

A compound-complex sentence in Filipino is called langkapan na pangungusap or pangungusap na langkapan.  This type of sentence is made up of  two or more independent clauses and at least one dependent clause.

You may print the two worksheets below for your students or children, but please do not do so for profit.

Hugnayan o Langkapan_1:  This 10-item worksheet asks the student to determine whether a sentence is hugnayan (complex) or langkapan (compound-complex).

Pangungusap na Langkapan_1:  This 9-item worksheet asks the student to identify the two independent clauses and the dependent clause in a compound-complex sentence.

These two types of sentences are introduced in sixth grade.

 

Unang Buwanang Pagsusulit sa Filipino (Grade 6)

I’m sharing the first monthly test (and answer key) in Filipino which I made for my daughter in sixth grade: Unang Buwanang Pagsusulit sa Filipino 6, Unang Buwanang Pagsusulit sa Filipino 6 – Mga Sagot.  The topics in this test include:

  1. Parirala, sugnay, at pangungusap;
  2. Sugnay na makapag-iisa at di-makapag-iisa;
  3. Mga bahagi ng pangungusap (buong simuno at payak na simuno, buong panaguri at payak na panaguri);
  4. Ayos ng pangungusap (karaniwan at di-karaniwang ayos); at
  5. Tayutay (simili, metapora, at personipikasyon).

You may print and use 5-page pdf file to review your sixth grade students or children for their Filipino exam, but please do not distribute this file for profit.

 

Worksheets on “Si Ninoy”

I’ve written a short essay on the life of Ninoy Aquino and made worksheets based on the essay.  The worksheets are appropriate for fifth grade students.

1.  This pdf file is the 2-page essay on Ninoy: Si Ninoy

2.  Si Ninoy Worksheets :  This first two pages of this pdf file is the same essay with several numbered sentences intended for the second of three worksheets.

The first worksheet (15 items) asks the student to answer whether a given statement about Ninoy is tama (correct) or mali (incorrect).

The second worksheet (15 items) refers to the underlined portions of the numbered sentences in the essay. The student is asked to determine whether the underlined portion is a parirala (phrase), sugnay (clause), or pangungusap (sentence).

The third worksheet (10 items) asks the student to underline the simuno/paksa (subject) or panaguri (predicate) of a sentence.

3.  Si Ninoy Worksheets Answer Keys

Simili o Metapora Worksheets (Part 1)

Happy Mother’s Day to all nanays, inays, inas, mamas, moms, and mommies!

nanay_1

Each of the three 15-item worksheets below asks the student to write the letter S on the blank before the number if the sentence contains a simili (simile) or the letter M if the sentence contains a metapora (metaphor).  The second page of each pdf file is the answer key.

I made these worksheets for my daughter who is in sixth grade. You may print and distribute these worksheets to your children or students, but please do not do so for profit.

1.  Simili o Metapora_1

2.  Simili o Metapora_2

3.  Simili o Metapora_3